"…until you have a baby, you don't even realize how much were missing one."
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a type of Assistive Reproductive Technology (ART) to treat fertility or genetic problems and assist with the conception of a child. It involves retrieving eggs from a woman’s ovaries and fertilizing them with sperm. IVF is the most effective form of ART and many women find pregnancy success with IVF. One cycle of IVF takes about two weeks.
Please contact us to learn more about IVF, its benefits, the recovery process and whether it is the right procedure for you.
Our medical team of obstetricians, gynaecologists, nurses, psychologists and embryologists would love to share their extensive experience and knowledge.
Your In vitro fertilization (IVF) may include:
- Personalised guidance interview to explore solutions and alternatives
- Pre-operative assessment and examinations
- Medical consultation with obstetrician, gynaecologist and psychologist
- Medical insurance
As a national and international patient you could have:
- Accommodation & transportation
- Tourism guides before-after your treatment
- Digital follow up when you are in your country (in some countries we do have ally’s can help you to follow your recovery process).
In vitro fertilization (IVF) procedure
During IVF, mature eggs are collected (retrieved) from your ovaries and fertilized by sperm in a lab. The fertilized egg (embryo) or eggs can then be frozen for storage or transferred to a woman’s uterus.
IVF involves the following steps:
Step 1- Ovulation induction. If you are using your own eggs during IVF, at the start of a cycle you will begin treatment with synthetic hormones to stimulate your ovaries to produce multiple eggs — rather than the single egg that normally develops each month. Multiple eggs are needed because some eggs will not fertilize or develop normally after fertilization.
Step 2- Egg Retrieval. Your doctor will use an ultrasound wand to guide a needle through your vagina, into your ovary, and into an egg-containing follicle. The needle will suck eggs and fluid out of each follicle.
Step 3- Insemination. The male partner will now need to give a semen sample. A technician will mix the sperm with the eggs in a petri dish. If that does not produce embryos, your doctor may decide to use ICSI.
Step 4- Embryo Culture. Your doctor will monitor the fertilized eggs to ensure that they are dividing and developing. The embryos may undergo genetic testing at this time.
Step 5- Transfer. When the embryos are big enough, they can be implanted. This normally occurs three to five days after fertilization. Implantation involves inserting a thin tube called a catheter into your vagina, past your cervix and into your uterus. Your doctor then releases the embryo.
Pregnancy occurs when the embryo implants itself in the uterine wall. This can take 6 to 10 days. A blood test will determine if you are pregnant.
Recovering from an In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
After the embryo transfer, you can resume your normal daily activities. However, your ovaries may still be enlarged. Consider avoiding vigorous activity, which could cause discomfort. Typical side effects include:
• Passing a small amount of clear or bloody fluid shortly after the procedure — due to the swabbing of the cervix before the embryo transfer.
• Breast tenderness due to high estrogen levels
• Mild bloating
• Mild cramping
Is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) the procedure you need?
Sometimes, IVF is offered as a primary treatment for infertility in women over the age of 40. IVF may be an option if:
• You have blocked or damaged fallopian tubes
• Your partner has decreased sperm count or motility
• You have ovulation disorders, premature ovarian failure or uterine fibroids
• You have had your fallopian tubes removed
• You have a genetic disorder
• You and/or your partner have other causes for infertility
*Women who do not have a functional uterus or for whom pregnancy poses a serious health risk might choose another person to carry the pregnancy (gestational carrier). In this case, the woman’s eggs are fertilized with sperm, but the resulting embryos are placed in the gestational carrier’s uterus.
How successful is In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)?
The success rate of IVF depends on a number of factors, such as reproductive history, maternal age, the cause of infertility and lifestyle factors. It is also important to understand that pregnancy rates are not the same as live birth rates.
The live birth rate (using United States data) for each IVF cycle is approximately:
• 41-43% for women under age 35
• 33-36% for women ages 35 to 37
• 23-27% for women ages 38 to 40
• 13-18% for women ages over 40